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Sustainable and intelligent mobility strategy: Harnessing Europe's transport for the future


The Sustainable and Intelligent Mobility Strategy is a roadmap that lays the foundations for creating a transport system adapted to all the above-mentioned requirements.


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The Sustainable and Smart Mobility Strategy is a roadmap that lays the foundations for creating a transport system adapted to all the above requirements, including a series of concrete milestones for the medium and long term (2030, 2035 and 2050) and accompanied by an action plan with 82 initiatives for the next four years. The latter are divided into 10 key action areas, the so-called 'flagship initiatives', each with specific measures, which in turn fall under each of the three main axes of the Strategy: sustainable, smart and resilient mobility.

Sustainable mobility: an irreversible leap to zero-emission mobility

Flagship Initiative 1: Driving the uptake of zero emission vehicles, ships and aircraft, as well as renewable and hypo-carbon fuels and appropriate infrastructure, e.g. by implementing carbon pricing or taxation and road pricing, fostering research and innovation through new partnerships under Horizon Europe, creating a comprehensive network of charging and refuelling infrastructure for zero emission vehicles for all modes of transport and revising CO2 emission performance standards for new passenger cars and light commercial vehicles (vans), the Alternative Fuels Infrastructure Directive and the Energy Performance of Buildings Directive.

Flagship Initiative 2: Creating zero emission airports and ports, e.g. by fuelling stationary ships and aircraft with renewable energy instead of fossil fuels, increasing multimodality, offering sustainable alternative modes of travel and launching the new European Green Pact initiatives on sustainable and smart mobility ReFuelEU Aviation (Sustainable Aviation Fuels) and FuelEU Maritime (Green European Maritime Space).

Flagship Initiative 3: Making inter-urban and urban mobility more sustainable and healthy, e.g. by boosting long-distance and cross-border passenger rail services, promoting shared and collaborative mobility services, working towards cleaner air, less noise and congestion and aiming to eradicate road traffic fatalities in cities once and for all.

Flagship Initiative 4: Greening freight transport, e.g. by shifting the bulk of inland freight transport from road to rail or short-distance inland waterways, introducing appropriate economic incentives for transport users to provide them with better information on the carbon footprint of their journey and thus make them choose more sustainable options, encouraging the transition to zero emission mobility, revising the Rail Freight Corridor Regulation and launching the NAIADES III project.

Flagship Initiative 5: Carbon pricing and providing better incentives for users, e.g. by ensuring that those using the most polluting transport bear the external costs of their CO2 emissions - rather than other members of society - through the implementation of the EU Emissions Trading Scheme (EU ETS), and by providing an estimate of the carbon footprint of transport used to achieve a shift in consumer preferences towards more sustainable transport and mobility solutions.

Smart mobility: achieving seamless, safe and efficient connectivity

Flagship Initiative 6: Realising connected and automated multimodal mobility, e.g. by promoting the cross-border use of automated vehicles, accelerating the deployment of recharging and refuelling infrastructure, boosting the purchase of tickets for multimodal journeys and facilitating the digitisation of driver and vehicle certificates.

Flagship Initiative 7: Innovation, data and artificial intelligence, e.g. by manufacturing key digital enablers (electronic components for mobility, network infrastructure, cloud/edge resources, data governance or artificial intelligence) and strengthening the industrial capabilities of these enablers in digital supply chains to realise the digital transformation of the transport sector, developing a common European mobility data space and supporting the testing and trials of emerging mobility technologies and solutions in the EU.

Resilient mobility: a more resilient Single European Transport Area and inclusive connectivity.

Flagship Initiative 8: Strengthening the Single Market, e.g. by strengthening the Connecting Europe Facility, which finances the development of projects of common interest in transport infrastructure, revising the Trans-European Transport Network Regulation (TEN-T) with a view to completing these corridors by 2030 and ensuring the deployment of low or zero emission technology options, as well as public and cross-border procurement within the EU.

Flagship Initiative 9: Achieving fair and equitable mobility for all, e.g. by developing inclusive mobility options for people with low income, disability, reduced mobility or low computer literacy and providing safeguards for the transition of the way employees in this sector work towards new automation and digitalisation techniques through solutions that mitigate the effects of such a transition on low and medium-skilled jobs.

Flagship Initiative 10: Strengthening transport safety and security, e.g. by modernising high-risk infrastructure, paying particular attention to ageing or underdeveloped network segments, updating the existing security framework to address cyber threats and revising the Directive on cross-border enforcement of traffic rules.

The EU as a hub for global connectivity

This must go hand in hand with efforts to ensure fair, equal and fair international competition and to tackle the distorting effects of foreign subsidies in the internal market, as well as to control foreign direct investment in European companies and assets in the transport sector, strengthen the link between transport and neighbourhood policy and integrate transport policies into the EU's external dimension.

This is the only way to make European transport not only more sustainable, but also more globally competitive and more resilient to any future disruptions.


This Strategy and its action plan set out the path to be taken in the coming years to redefine connectivity by decarbonising and modernising transport and mobility on the way to a sustainable, smart and resilient system for the future.


The transport sector accounts for around 5% of EU GDP and employs more than 10 million people, being central to European businesses and global supply chains. At the same time, the repercussions of its activity impact on society in the form of pollution, noise, congestion, traffic accidents and, especially, greenhouse gas emissions (around a quarter of the EU total).

Therefore, the transformation and modernisation of European transport means implementing more ambitious policies to reduce the sector's dependence on fossil fuels, to reduce 90% of its emissions by 2050 and to ensure a sustainable and smart future for mobility, all in line with the EU's objectives of reducing greenhouse gases by 55% by 2030, achieving climate neutrality by 2050 and strengthening the EU's strategic autonomy and resilience, with digitisation and automation as indispensable levers for the modernisation of the whole system. Moreover, these developments must take place in such a way that mobility is available and affordable for all, that rural and remote regions remain connected, and that the sector offers good social conditions and attractive jobs.


Links & more information

Communication and Annex of the Sustainable and Intelligent Mobility Strategy: Harnessing Europe's transport for the future

Press release on the launch of the Strategy

Questions and Answers on the Strategy

Transport and mobility fact sheet

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